Helsinki, March 21-24
Helsinki, April 5-8
Helsinki, April 13-16
Helsinki, April 10-13
Scenario: South China Sea and East China Sea
India’s Prime Minister declared yesterday that in order to secure its oil investments in the South China Sea it would send navy ships to Block 128, one of the many oil and gas blocks in the South China Sea. For the moment China has not responded to India’s actions. Meanwhile Vietnam quickly supported India’s resolution stating that India’s actions will bring justice to the whole area. However, Malaysia and Philippines, other South China Sea countries, have deemed India’s actions would jeopardize the fragile peace in the South China Sea.
In the meanwhile in the East China Sea, Chinese protestors sailed near the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands. It would seem that they were planning to land on one of the islands and start a camp to protest Japan’s unjust claims over the islands. The ship, however, was halted and its members were captured by a Japanese sea patrol ship. The protestors tried to resist violently and as a result one of them fell in to the ocean and drowned in what was generally believed to be an accident.
Before the Chinese censorship system was able to properly regulate the news of these two events they had already spread in many Chinese microblogs leading to furious reactions from Chinese nationalist. Chinese people felt that China was once again being humiliated by foreigners and if the government would not take action, then the people should. These microblogs were quickly censored and the Chinese President and Communist Party Leader, Xi Jinping declared that China would send navy ships to both Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands and Spratlay/Nansha Islands to patrol the areas that belong to it. Jinping also noted that any hostile action will be treated as an act of war, forcing China to act accordingly.
Nurmijärvi, April 23-26
Scenario: Chile and Bolivia
FinMUN had the honour of hosting the NordicMUN 2012 in Nurmijärvi, Finland. The University level Security Council debated over a dispute on the border of Chile and Bolivia and the high-school level General Assembly discussed various topics under the overall theme, Climate Change.
Helsinki, April 12-17
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has publicly indicated that they are about to conduct a major nuclear weapons test. The specific of the test are as of yet unknown, but international experts expect to see a development from the October 2006 and May 2009 tests. The Security Council will certainly move to condemn these actions and act against them. Hopefully that is all they will be called upon to do…
While the Security Council ponders suitable political measures to counter the North Korean belligerence, a panel of humanitarian experts has been called to advise the Council on how to minimize the consequences of their actions on the civilian population through smart sanctions.
Helsinki, January 26-31
The international community has been concerned with the recent developments in the Andean region in South America and the mounting tensions between rightwing Colombia and leftwing Venezuela and Ecuador. The countries have pursued opposing policies for some time and the political differences have increased also due to Colombia’s close ties to the United States and Venezuela pursuing closer co-operation with Russia.
The Andean region is the most dominant coca-producing region in the world. This results in many challenges for national politics, and even for international politics: influential organized crime, guerilla wars, and huge numbers of internally displaced people. During the Finnish Model United Nations 2009, security dilemmas in relation to this multifaceted conflict were the focal point of the Security Council meeting.
Helsinki, February 9-16
Kashmir has been disputed by India and Pakistan since the partition of the subcontinent in 1947. The two neighbours, now nuclear powers, have twice waged war over Kashmir, which is over 60% Muslim. The mountainous region is divided by a Line of Control, often breached by separatist militants. The Indian side – Jammu and Kashmir state – is home to about nine million people. Some three million live in the northern part administered by Pakistan.
The United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) was set up in 1949, and deployed in January of that year to supervise the ceasefire agreed between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Since renewed hostilities in 1971, UNMOGIP monitors the ceasefire called for by the United Nations Security Council. In 2004 Pakistan and India embarked on a peace process, but major sticking points remain. Delhi would like the Line of Control to become an international border, while Islamabad would like Muslim-majority areas to become part of Pakistan.